AN EXPLORATION OF ART HISTORY
Analytic Cubism: The initial phase of Cubism, developed both by Pablo Picasso and George Braque. Artists in this period analyzed form from every point of view to combine the various perspectives into one pictorial whole.
Cubist artists rejected naturalistic scenes, instead they preferred compositions full of shapes and abstract forms. Cubism took many shapes and sizes and dispersed into separate movements such as Synthetic Cubism, Cubist Sculpture, and of course Analytical Cubism.
Les Demoiselles d’Avignon by Pablo Picasso was the first cubist painting. Picasso began creating the piece as a symbolic picture, portraying male clients mingling with women in a brothel. However, by the time Picasso finished the piece, the men were no longer in the painting. Instead, he focused on fracturing the shapes of the women. The three women on the left were inspired by ancient Iberian sculptures, which Picasso saw during his summer visits to Spain. The two heads on the right emerged later in the production of Picasso’s work. It is believed that Picasso added the African masks because he began to have an increase fascination with the power of African sculpture. Possibly responding to the energy of the two heads, Picasso made these two bodies even more distorted than the other three. The more ambiguous planes create a combination of views. After finishing the painting Picasso only showed it to other painters for many years. One of the first to see the painting was Georges Braque, a fauve painter. Braque was so intrigued and challenged by the paintings obscurity that he began to rethink his own style. As a result both Picasso and Braque developed Cubism around 1908.